Ketamine is used primarily as an anesthetic in human beings and in animals. Ketamine treatment has been shown to be effective in patients with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS), formerly known as Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD), a debilitating chronic pain syndrome. It has also been used in the treatment of acute pain, addiction and experimentally to treat depression. It is sometimes used for recreational purposes. It is known by the nicknames, ‘K’, ‘Ket’, ‘Special K’, ‘Vitamin K’, ‘Pony dust’ and others.¬†Checkout Ketamine Clinics of Los Angeles for more info.

Penalties For Possession

Legally speaking, ‘K’ is a Class C Drug. This means it carries the least severe penalties for possession for personal use. In 2003, the United States, more than 80 per cent of seizures for this drug have been found to originate in Mexico. Most of the drug used recreationally today comes from India.

Helpful Uses

The main use of ‘K’ is in anesthesia. It may be used as the sole anesthetic in children. Because it suppresses breathing significantly less than other anesthetics, it is useful in patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is used in emergency medicine for trapped patients suffering from trauma, on the battlefield and in cases where the patient’s fluid status cannot be accurately assessed (for example, at the scene of a traffic accident).

CRPS/RSD

CRPS/RSD is a severe, chronic, progressive pain condition. It has autonomic, sensory, dystrophic and motor components (the term, ‘dystrophy’ refers to the degeneration of muscle tissue). The pain is continuous and worsens with time. It may be accompanied by swelling and changes to the skin. It may start in an arm or a leg and and spread to other parts of the body.

Treatment Techniques

There are two different treatment modalities for using ‘K’ to treat CRPS/RSD. The ‘awake’ technique consists of a slow infusion of a low dose over a period of days. This may take place in a hospital or as an outpatient. The second technique involves putting the patient into a medically-induced coma and giving them a large bolus of the drug. This method is not approved for use in the United States but is widely practiced in Germany and is also used in parts of Mexico.

Studies

In a small number of studies, ‘K’ was shown to markedly improve depression in patients who had not responded to any other drugs. It was originally observed to improve depressive symptoms associated with CRPS/RSD when used to treat that condition. These results were not formally documented, as the primary outcome measure was the management of pain.

Successful Uses

Doctors in Russia have reported promising results using ketamine to treat both heroin addiction and alcoholism. Sixty out of eighty-six alcoholic males remained abstinent for one year using a combination of ‘K’ and psychotherapy. Similar results were achieved with heroin addicts.